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Iron is a metal that has fundamentally affected the way of life of human beings ever since the Iron Age. It is relatively abundant and can easily be extracted and modified due to its useful material properties, all of which result in low prices. After the industrial revolution (18-19th century), iron became a core material of industrial markets, its importance reflected in the phrase “iron is nation”; its production was directly regarded as an indication of national power. Especially after World War II, governments vigorously supp
Pulverized Coal Injection (PCI) using the dense-flow method The Küttner developed and perfected dense-flow method offers several advantages over a lower-density system. Higher injection rates are achieved with simultaneously lower coke rates, which can optimize the fuel costs of the
Pulverized Coal Injection (PCI) System A simple and low-cost PCI system NIPPON STEEL ENGINEERING CO., LTD.'s PCI system is superior in terms of (1) supply record, (2) function (circumferential balance of the injected pulverized coal), and (3) cost. (1) Excellent supply record
Coal grinding and injection systems are non- polluting systems. Injecting pulverized coal into a blast furnace reduces the overall pollution made by coke production. Increased productivity. Installation of a coal injection system can increase productivity through improved operation of the blast furnace.
Pulverized Coal Injection 4 Grinding and Drying of Coal in Inert Conditions Blast Furnace Gas Based Drying Blast Furnace Gas Based Drying, Dilution Air Drying energy supply based on blast furnace gas combustion. Inert conditions produced by closed loop
PULVERIZED COAL INJECTION Reliable, efficient and accurate injection of auxiliary reducing agents is vital for cost effective blast furnace operation. Paul Wurth is involved in the development and application of all forms of gaseous, liquid and solid reducing agents injection via the hot blast tuyeres.
Pulverised Coal injection into the blast furnace provides the operator with an option of reducing consumption of the more expensive variant of carbon metallurgical coke. But metallurgical coke has other useful mechanical duties to perform in the furnace therefore, PCI can’t replace coke consumption completely.
Pulverized Coal Injection (PCI) System for Blast Furnaces In the past, reactions within the blast furnace were stimulated by injecting heavy oil, as auxiliary fuel, along with the blasts and oxygen. The heavy oil was replaced by pulverized coal after the oil crisis. This made it possible to use cheap coal, such as non-coking coal.
Pulverized coal injection (PCI) is a process which involves injecting large volumes of fine coal particles into the raceway of the blast furnace (BF). Pulverized coal is an important auxiliary fuel used in the BF ironmaking. PCI provides auxiliary fuel for partial coke replacement and has proven both economically and environmentally favourable.
Pulverized coal can be used as a reducing agent by injecting it through the tuyeres. Coke has been replaced up to 250 kg/THM with pulverized coal [ 26 ]. Coals for PCI are usually cheaper noncoking thermal coals. Important properties of the coals are: