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chinese miners processes in small scale mining in ghana The role of artisanal and smallscale mining in chinas the role of artisanal and smallscale mining in chinas economy,asm in ghana was legalized, a lot of interest had been,foremost is the scale e china has more smallscale miners mining a larger diversity of ores than anywhere else in the world asm is found in all of the main
This article investigates factors that attract Chinese migrants into illegal small‐scale mining in Ghana, their role in the supply chain, and the impact of their involvement. This is accomplished via mixed qualitative techniques involving interviews with illegal small‐scale Chinese and Ghanaian miners, and relevant Ghanaian stakeholders.
In 2006 small numbers of Chinese and other foreign miners came to Ghana to engage in gold mining. Then a hike in gold prices from 2008 onwards led to a veritable gold rush and the arrival of
Small-scale mining contributes about 30% of Ghana’s total gold output and provides livelihoods to large numbers of people One aspect of the controversial issue of illegal mining in Ghana is the involvement of foreigners, especially Chinese companies and miners Findings suggest that there are serious negative impacts intensified by the involvement of Chinese miners The 
Since the early 2000s, about 50,000 Chinese gold miners have migrated to Ghana to engage in small-scale mining (locally known as galamsey), defined as the exploitation of mineral deposits through the use of rudimentary equipment and involving low levels of production with minimal capital investment, and by law reserved for only Ghanaians [1,2,3,4,5,6,7].
information on small-scale gold mining in Ghana. The third examines the rise of foreign involvement in the sector, especially by irregular Chinese miners. The fourth section looks at the impact on the
registered small-scale miners who had worked with Chinese miners stated that a 15 per cent stake amounted to an income of 15,000 25,000 Ghana cedis per week (approximately £3000 £5000
Ghana’s mining industry contributes around 37% to the country’s total exports. As a result of this, there are quite a number of mining companies in Ghana that are making a great fortune. Gold alone contributes up to 90% of the mineral exports in the country. The
In Ghana, small-scale miners use mercury in processing their ore. The waste products in most cases are dumped into water bodies which cause bio-accumulation in the bodies of aquatic animals and can enter the food chain of human beings (Donkor et al. 2006
Historically, the damage caused by ASM was limited due to the small-scale nature of activities and the reliance on hand tools. With the hike in gold prices in 2005–2007, a rush to Ghana by foreigner investors mainly Chinese with more advanced and heavy